Human Subjects

Overview of the Final Revised Common Rule

February 1, 2017:  An overview of the changes to the revised Common Rule published in the Federal Register on January 19, 2017, a one page summary table of the changes made, and a link to the final revised Common Rule.

Summary of Changes Made to the Common Rule

COGR Common Rule Summary Table

Final Revised Common Rule

COGR Meets with OIRA Staff to Discuss Final Common Rule Under Review

Click here to review document.

COGR's Letter on NIH GCP Training Requirement

COGR's Letter on NIH GCP Training Requirement

Analysis of Common Rule Comments

In January 2016, COGR staff and university and association volunteers began an analysis of the 2,186 comments submitted to regulations.gov in response to the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Common Rule). Respondents were grouped by category (e.g., patient, public, university, researcher, etc.) and comments on major provisions coded. A summary and table of the findings, as well as summaries for each respondent category, can be found below. For more information on this analysis, please contact Lisa Nichols, Director for Research & Regulatory Reform.

Analysis of Public Comments on the Common Rule NPRM

Data Tables:

Table 1- Responses by Respondent Category

Table 2- Results

Table 3- Advocacy Groups by Subcategory

Common Rule NPRM Comment Summaries by Respondent Category:

Patients and Patient Representatives

General Public

Academic Researchers

Universities/Medical Centers/IRBs

Industry/Pharma/Trade Groups

Tribal Nations

Advisory and Related Groups

Independent IRBs

Departments of Health, Health Officials, Municipal Governments and Epidemiologists

Biorepositories, Affiliated Organizations and Consultants

Disease Registries

Professional Societies and Associations

Advocacy Groups

Press Release

May 9, 2016- COGR/APLU/AAU Issue Joint Press Release

HHS Office for Human Research Protections Review of Public Comments on the Common Rule NPRM

​Comments Overview PDF

Common Rule Notices of Proposed Rulemaking

2011 Common Rule ANPRM 

COGR's 2011 response to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) advanced notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) on Human Subjects Protections also known as the “Common Rule”.

2015 Common Rule NPRM 

COGR’s December 8, 2015 response to the HHS Common Rule notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) and response summary

Summary of Proposed Changes provided by HHS, Office of Human Research Protections

Notification Letter for 45 CFR 46.118 Determinations for NSF Awards

COGR has been working with NSF staff to develop a letter that universities can submit for proposals lacking definite plans for involvement of human subjects. The letter indicates that the grant or protocol meets the requirements of 45 CFR 46.118 and stipulates that “one year from the date identified above, the Authorized Organizational Representative is required to either verify that the project continues to lack immediate plans for the involvement of human subjects, their data, or their specimens; or provide documentation to the cognizant NSF Program Officer to demonstrate that IRB approval has been obtained.” Universities that utilize this notification letter will therefore track the expiration through their financial or IRB systems (or other mechanisms). These changes will be reflected in the next version of the NSF Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide that is scheduled for release in October 2016 and a link provided to the letter which will be available on the NSF website. Please contact Lisa Nichols if you have questions about the use of this letter.